Guide to the historic fixed defence sites of Brisbane and the Moreton Bay Islands.

Fortess Brisbane by D Spethman and R G Miller
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A Guide to the historic fixed defence sites of Brisbane and the Moreton Bay Islands.

Fort Lytton was built in 1880–1882 in response to a fear that a foreign colonial power such as Russia or France might launch a naval attack on Brisbane or its port, both of which were located along the banks of the Brisbane River. The fort was designed by Lieutenant-Colonel Peter Scratchley. It was located at the mouth of the Brisbane river, and was designed to deny enemy vessels access to the river. This was initially achieved by a remote-controlled minefield across the mouth of the river, and four muzzle-loading heavy guns (two 80pdrs and two 64pdrs). By 1888, the 80pdr guns were replaced with two 6-inch (150 mm) 100pdr breech-loading disappearing guns. Five years after that, the defences were increased with the addition of two quick-firing Hotchkiss 6pdr guns. The minefield was closed in 1908, but the disappearing guns continued in operation until 1938.

Throughout its life, Fort Lytton was a major training base. Thousands of soldiers trained at Fort Lytton for the Boer War, World War I and World War II. For its first forty years the fort was also the main training base for Queensland's reserve soldiers. Each year up to 5000 reservists attended training at Fort Lytton's "Easter Encampment".

At the start of WW2, the defences were at once upgraded with additional batteries being located at Bribie Island, Moreton Island - Cowan Cowan, Rous  Battery . All are discussed in this book with maps and photos.

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